Tag Archives: UPCA

What is the “sunrise period”?

The deposit of the Unified Patent Court Agreement ratification instrument by Germany will trigger the Sunrise period and the entry into force of the UPCA (3 months after the start of the Sunrise period).

In anticipation of the opening of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) that is currently planned for  April 1st 2023, it will be possible to opt out existing patents and patent application from the jurisdiction of the UPC.

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UPC – Protective Letters

Known in some national European jurisdictions, unknown in others, the UPC implements a defensive measure against provisional measures that might be requested by a patentee: the protective letter.

Provisional measures that may be requested by a patentee against an alleged infringer include: prohibition of the continuation of the alleged infringement (A62(1)UPCA) and seizure or delivery of the products suspected of infringing a patent so as to prevent their entry into, or movement, within the channels of commerce (A62(3)UPCA).

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UPC and the Bolar exemption

The so-called ‘Bolar exemption’ finds legal basis in EU Directive 2004/27/EC modifying Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use. Article 10(6) of EU Directive 2001/83/EC states that:

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UPC and opt-out : definition, advantages and drawbacks

The present system of European (EP) patents granted by the European Patent Office, has the drawback that the same patent, validated in several states, may lead to several parallel disputes in these jurisdictions.

The Unified Patent package creates a unitary effect for European patents encompassing the states that have ratified the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA – to be found here). That is to say, an EP patent with unitary effect will have the same effects in all the states that ratified the UPCA and where said patent has been validated.

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Again, and again: the UPC agreement is further challenged in Germany

Although the German Parliament (« Bundesrat ») recently voted in favor of the ratification of the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) (that we reported here), and despite the political will (see there), the German ratification of the UPCA is again put on hold.

The German Federal Constitutional Court (FCC) advised that that two new constitutional complaints were filed on the very same day on which the Bundesrat approved the ratification (18th December 2020).

One of the complaint, filed by Düsseldorf lawyer Ingve Stjerna, who already filed an earlier constitutional complaint in 2017, aims at obtaining an interim order to cease the ratification process until a decision on the merits.

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